Hasami-yaki Exhibition
波佐見燒展
​はさみ焼き
18/12/2020 - 10/01/2021
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Hasami-yaki Exhibition

2020-21

Curated by Yves Lee

A Journey to understand its history.

Located next to well-known pottery town Arita in Saga Prefecture, Hasami is another famous pottery town within Nagasaki Prefecture. Hasami-yaki (Hasami pottery) is mass produced by division of labour, made out of clay from Amakusa peninsula in Kumamoto prefecture. Within the industry in Hasami, generations of people are employed, some craftsmen specialises in producing plaster moulds, and others in greenware where Hasami-yaki are fired in professional gas kilns.

Wandering around Hasami, one will encounter common scenarios around town; the smell of soil, old chimneys and semi-finished pottery. In recent years, Hasami-yaki has collaborated with multiple design shops and designers aiming to expand its outstanding and functional modern designs for younger consumers.

Began during the Edo period (1603 - 1867), Hasami-yaki started with glazed ceramics then followed by mass producing blue-and-white ceramics. Their production was almost the highest in Japan in the late Edo years. Despite the fact that it has over 400 years of history, Hasami-yaki has only become more widely known in the last two decades. Since 2000, Hasami-yaki had to face the issue of being falsely labeled as Arita-yaki (Arita pottery). In order for us to enjoy the current Hasami-yaki that consists of both their traditional techniques and modern designs, kiln factories, workshops and the local government have been collaborating in order to relaunch Hasami-yaki to the world.

Pottery from Arita, Shigaraki and Mino are well-known for their own characteristics, whereas Hasami-yaki are known for being typical. In reality, Hasami-yaki produced now is being created with many modern and creative ideas, integration of retro and contemporary.

Hasami-yaki is famous for its Kurawanka bowl, Konpura bottle and Warenikka tableware. Ceramics were expensive during the Edo period, but Kurawana bowls were sold to the public at an affordable price. Alas, the origin to its name was because Kurawana bowls were mainly used as rice tea bowls or rice wine tea bowls. Konpura bottles were produced from the late Edo period for the Dutch to export alcohol and soy sauce overseas. In 1878, Warenikka tableware were produced for school use, it is well known for its durability. Even now, many schools and hospitals are still making use of these durable ceramics ware. As the third largest tableware site in Japan, currently Hasami is also the largest kiln production site within the Nagasaki Prefecture.

After decades of hard work, Hasami is now widely known as a famous pottery and ceramics production site. As designers collaborates with Hasami-yaki to explore new designs, they began to receive an increasing number of orders from abroad. Hasami-yaki has experienced generation of changes, allowing its user to experience its underlying value in being ‘ever changing’.

Many people visit Hasami in order to experience 400 years worth of history and culture. Aiming to support Hasami-yaki and Hasami tourism, local hostels, cafes, restaurants and workshops have prepared all kinds of experiences for their travellers to fulfil their intercultural adventure.

Visit Hasami as your next travel destination! You will experience a town where its environment is immersed in pottery and ceramics, there you will be charmed by its culture, environment and most importantly its history in ceramics.

A piece is Hasami-yaki is enough to enlighten your table for all occasions.

波佐見燒是在長崎縣波佐見町製造的陶磁器。波佐見町毗鄰是以陶器馳名的有田燒產地· 佐賀縣有田町。用作原料的粘土是來自於有田燒,熊本縣天草半島的陶石。由於波佐見燒多作大量生產,器物製造以分工制度為主:分別有以器物形態使用模具製作;製造器物原型“石膏模“的職人;使用模具製造”生坯”的職人;還有燒製生坯的”窰場”,擁有各種專業的職人共同製成一件作品。因此,當地有很多從事與陶磁器有關的工作者。

土壤的氣味,長年使用的煙囪,在小巷擺放等待乾燥的陶磁器。 在鎮上的風景和氛圍中可以看著這些景象,只是散散步也令人愉快。

現在的波佐見燒,很多也是貼近現代生活模式和以易用性高的準則製作出來的優良器物,以向年輕一代推廣為主的人氣陶磁器。還有可作自由表現的特徴,近年,也跟不同的設計商店和造型師有合作項目。

波佐見燒的歴史

波佐見燒在江戶時代,於畑之原、古皿屋、山似田三個地方,為了燒製大量陶磁器而興建龍窰作開始。初期製作釉陶磁器,後來發現有可用作磁器的原料,逐漸開始大量生產青花磁器和青磁。江戶時代後期,青花生產量幾乎發展成為日本之冠。擁有400年以上歷史的波佐見燒,作為陶磁器之名被認識只是這十數年的事情。在此以前,波佐見燒被視為是伊万里燒和有田燒的一部分。但是在2000年,由於產地偽裝問題,社會要求產地明確,導致波佐見燒無法被稱為有田燒。作為波佐見燒重新推廣面世,窰場和工房,地方政府等共同製造配合時代的產品,使今天讓人感受傳統之餘,也充滿現代氣息和時尚風格。

波佐見燒的特徵

有田燒、信樂燒、美濃燒等各產地的陶磁器擁有著不同的特徴。可是波佐見燒被稱為「沒有特徵是波佐見燒的優點」。事實上,波佐見燒吸取了時代潮流的自由構想來創作,至今被廣泛地使用創作出各種各樣的作品,包括充滿復古氣息和現代設計的作品等

在波佐見燒中有名的是飯茶碗(Kurawanka碗)“、“掮客瓶 (Konpura 瓶)”和食器Warenikka。江戸時代製造的飯茶碗是在叫賣<餅飯茶碗、酒飯茶碗>的同時售賣,這正是名稱的由來。當時,磁器被認定是高價品,飯茶碗設計簡樸,以庶民能負擔的價格出售,成為令磁器推廣至一般市民的機緣。波佐見現在也是長崎縣最大的窰業產地,日用和食器的出貨額堪稱全國第三位。掮客瓶是幕末時代,由荷蘭人用作醬油容器向波佐見職人訂製而開始,為酒和醬油輸出海外而製造。食器Warenikka是在1878年,作為供學校給食使用,不易破裂的食器而誕生,也被稱為是強化磁器之本。到現在,即使是全國各地學校與病院也逐漸被使用。

現在・今後的波佐見燒 經過這十多年的努力,波佐見在現在作為著名陶磁器產地已廣泛被認識。在波佐見燒的生產現場,設計商店跟室內造型師合作進行新嘗試,陸續收到海外的訂貨。波佐見燒率先解讀時代變化,讓人感受到它在創造「今後的器物」的價值觀。

波佐見通過長達400年歴史的波佐見燒,得到各方實際來訪。為了讓大家親身體驗那地方、人和文化,除了有能體驗創作生坯、民宿、咖啡店、餐廳和雜貨店𣾀集的「西之原」外,也為來訪者準備了各式各樣的體驗內容。以波佐見燒x觀光作互相交流聯繫,使波佐見燒和波佐見町成為一體進行多方面努力。

波佐見町是一個讓您能一面感受到整個城鎮都與陶磁器共生, 一面可以發現波佐見燒新魅力的地方。尋覓器物,找尋陶磁器的魅力,下次就來個波佐見燒巡遊之旅吧!

各種場合中、即使只用上一件易用性高的波佐見燒也能為餐卓增潻色彩。